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Re: howto preallocate to minimize fragmentation

To: Ying-Hung Chen <ying@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Subject: Re: howto preallocate to minimize fragmentation
From: Eric Sandeen <sandeen@xxxxxxx>
Date: Thu, 22 Sep 2005 10:45:02 -0500
Cc: Andrew Ho <andrewho@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>, linux-xfs@xxxxxxxxxxx
In-reply-to: <4332CF04.2060604@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
References: <43329839.2070005@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx> <4332A22B.6070708@xxxxxxx> <4332BFCC.8050803@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx> <4332C248.70503@xxxxxxx> <4332C636.9070509@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx> <4332CE65.2000500@xxxxxxxxxxxxx> <4332CF04.2060604@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Sender: linux-xfs-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxx
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Ying-Hung Chen wrote:
I guess while you played your video file, which was 2GB. Your video
images were not smoothly
shown on the player. It gave you an impression that there was a problem
on the filesystem.

actually, performance is the problem got my attention, and when i run
xfs_db and check the fragmentation, its well over 95% on one 200GB

run xfs_bmap on a few files, and see how bad it really is. That number can be misleading, sometimes.

but preallocation is an easy way to mitigate any fragmentation problems.

something like this:

int main(int argc, char **argv)
        int             fd, err;
        xfs_flock64_t   fl;

        fl.l_whence = 0;
        fl.l_start = 1;
        fl.l_len = (off64_t)(20 * 1024 * 1024); /* 20M */

        if(argc != 2)
                return fprintf(stderr, "Filename expected.\n"), 1;

        fd = open(argv[1], O_RDWR|O_CREAT, 0666);
        if (fd < 0) {
                perror("open: ");
                printf("open of file %s failed\n", argv[1]);

        err = xfsctl(argv[1], fd, XFS_IOC_RESVSP64, &fl);
        if (err < 0) {
                perror("allocsp: ");
                printf("XFS_IOC_RESVSP64 failed\n");


        return 0;


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